The international diamond trade organization that tracks the flow of diamonds to avoid the purchase and flow of Conflict Diamonds — diamonds that are mined and used to support conflicts within nations between rebels and legitimate, recognized countries. The Kimberley Process is designed to curtail and decrease the flow of such “blood diamonds”.
According to the official website:
“The Kimberley Process (KP) is a joint governments, industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds…The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as ‘conflict-free’. As of December 2009, the KP has 49 members, representing 75 countries, with the European Community and its Member States counting as an individual participant.”